1. Arabic Origin: Latin translation of Arabic word ‘Bi-haqq al-ruwayeh‘. Arabs learnt from China.
2. Chinese Origin: Chinese ‘秀才’ (xiu-cai) scholar system (equivalent to Cambridge GCE A level).
3. First appeared as ‘Baccalareus’ in the University of Paris (1232 AD) by Pope Gregory IX, means ‘The right (license) to teach on the authority of another’.