Mind, Brain And Education
1. Spaced Repetition
2. Retrieval Practice
Not to assess what students know, but to reinforce it.
Memory is like a storage tank, a test as a kind of dipstick that measure how much information we’ve put in there.
But that’s not how the brain works.
Every time we pull up a memory, we make it stronger and more lasting, so that testing doesn’t just measure, it changes learning.
Simply reading over materials to be learnt, or even taking notes and making outlines, as many homework assignments require, doesn’t have this effect.
Language learner: 80% retained.
Science: 50% retained.
Self-quizzing (focus less on input of knowledge by passive reading, focus more on output by calling out that same information from brain.)
Tough topic, recall better.
Interleaved assignment: mix up different kinds of problems instead of grouping by type.