太极 Taiji = 1 = 2^0

0 = 无极 (Wuji)
1 = 太极 (Taiji)

“无极生太极, 太极生两仪, 两仪生四象, 四象生八卦”

2^0 = 1
2^1 = 2 (两仪)
2^2 = 4 (四象)

2^3 = 8 (八卦)
2^4 = 64 (重卦/六十四卦)

注: 《周礼》称八卦为”经卦”, 六十四卦为”别卦”。

Leibniz 在1703年4月收到清朝康熙皇帝的数学老师法国传教士白晉 (Joachim Bouvet) 的信, 第一次看到“伏羲64卦主观方位图”, 发现阴爻(- -)是0, 阳爻 (一)是1。

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