2016 Nobel-Prize Winning Physics Explained Through Pastry 

2016 Nobel Prize Physics is Mathematics (Topology) applied in Superconductor and Superfluid to explain the Phase Transitions and Phases of Matter. 

Phases of Matter: Solid, Liquid, Gas

Phase Transitions: Solid ->  Liquid -> Gas

Superconductor below Tc (critical temperature) : zero resistance.

Superfluid below Tc : zero viscosity.

Reason explained by Mathematics : Topological invariant (拓扑不变量) increased step-wise.

Eg. Disk (0 hole), Circle (1 hole), Donut (2 holes), Coffee Cup (2 holes)… XYZ (n holes). [n increased by steps from 0, 1, 2, 3… ]

We say donut and coffee cup are homeomorphic (同胚) because they have the same topological invariant (2 holes).

Advertisements

One thought on “2016 Nobel-Prize Winning Physics Explained Through Pastry 

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s