Pros of Grandes Ecoles:
- Very high standard Engineering / Business / Public Administration / Science & Math Colleges.
- Two years of Preparatory Class drilled in advanced Math / Physics / Chemistry.
Cons of Grandes Ecoles:
- “Social Reproduction” of French elites within upper-class families for generations.
- Elitist – all think in the same mould.
This is similar criticism of the 1300-year-old Ancient Chinese Imperial Exams (科举 pronounced in China Fujian province’s Min ‘闽’ dialect as \Kor-coo, sounds like Grande Écoles Entrance Exams “Concours” \Kong-coo) from which Napoleon Bonaparte, who was strongly recommended by the French Jesuits living in China Fujian as a meritocatic Mandarin selection system, copied it for the first French Grande Ecole (GE) : Ecole Polytechnique (X), and subsequently all other GE in the past 200 years till today.