Emmanuel Macron is the youngest French President (39) since Napoleon Bonaparte (40).
A brilliant student since young, he impressed his secondary school Drama teacher 24 years older, finally married her.
Like any genius (Einstein, Galois, Edison, …) who doesn’t adapt well in the traditional education system, Macron entered the prestigious and highly competitive Classe Préparatoire (Art Stream) Lycée Henri IV in Paris to prepare for the “Concours” (法国抄袭自中国的)”科举” Entrance Exams in France’s top Ecole Normale Supérieure (ENS). Like the 19CE Math genius Evariste Galois who failed the Ecole Polytechnique Concours twice in 2 consecutive years, Macron also failed ENS “Concours” in 2 consecutive years.
He revealed recently, “The truth was I didn’t play the game. I was too much in love (with my former teacher) for seriously preparing the Concours …”
Note: French traditional name for the elitist tertiary education (first 2 or 3 years if repeat last year): “Khâgne” is the name of Classe Préparatoire for Art Stream. The Classe Préparatoire for Science Stream is called “Taupe” (Mole 鼹鼠 ).
Also some cute names for:
- 1st year: hypo-khâgne
- 2nd year: khâgne / carré (square)
- 3rd year (repeat): cube (cubic)
- 1st year: “1/2” (Mathématiques Supérieures)
- 2nd year: “3/2” (Mathématiques Spéciales)
- 3rd year (repeat): “5/2”
His party “En Marche” did a survey on French Education: “The elitist national education system for the elites & rich families. ”
Emmanuel <=> Contract with God 上帝与他同在
— ” 谋事在人, 成事在天 “
( “Man proposes, God disposes”)
A free new mobile apps on French Math (Classe Prepa) for engineering undergraduate 1st & 2nd years. Very high standard!
Install from GooglePlay:
Cours math sup, math spé, BCPST.
The French University (engineering) 1st & 2nd year Prépa Math: “Vector Space” (向量空间), aka Linear Algebra (线性代数), used in Google Search Engine. The French treats the subject abstractly, very theoretical, while the USA and UK (except Math majors) are more applied (directly using matrices).
Note: First year French (Engineering) University “Classe Prépa”: Math Sup (superior); 2nd year Math Spé (special).
Applications Lineaires (Linear Algebra):
Interesting Math education evolves since 19th century.
“Elementary Math from An Advanced Standpoint” (3 volumes) was proposed by German Göttingen School Felix Klein (19th century) :
1) Math teaching based on Function (graph) which is visible to students. This has influenced all Secondary school Math worldwide.
2) Geometry = Group
After WW1, French felt being behind the German school, the “Bourbaki” Ecole Normale Supérieure students rewrote all Math teachings – aka “Abstract Math” – based on the structure “Set” as the foundation to build further algebraic structures (group, ring, field, vector space…) and all Math.
After WW2, the American prof MacLane & Eilenburg summarised all these Bourbaki structures into one super-structure: “Category” (范畴) with a “morphism” (aka ‘relation’) between them.
Grothendieck proposed rewriting the Bourbaki Abstract Math from ‘Set’ to ‘Category’, but was rejected by the jealous Bourbaki founder Andre Weil.
Category is still a graduate syllabus Math, also called “Abstract Nonsense”! It is very useful in IT Functional Programming for “Artificial Intelligence” – the next revolution in “Our Human Brain” !