Prof ST Yau **丘成桐** , Chinese/HK Harvard Math Dean, is the only 2 Mathematicians in history (the other person is Prof Pierre Deligne of Belgium) who won ALL 3 top math prizes: Fields Medal 1982 (at 27, proving Calabi Conjecture), Crafoord Prize (1994) , Wolf Prize (2010).

**Key Takeaways **:

1. **On Math Education**:

◇ Compulsary Math training for reasoning skill applicable in Economy, Law, Medicine, etc.

◇ Study Math Tip: read the new topic notes 1 day before the lecture, then after lecture do the problems to enhance understanding.

◇ Read Math topics even though you do not understand in first round, re-read few more times, then few days / months / years / decades later you will digest them. (做学问的程序).

◇ Do not consult students in WHAT to teach, because they don’t know what to learn.

◇ Love of Math beauty is the “pull-factor” for motivating students’ interest in Math.

◇ Parental Pressure.

2. “3D” facial photo using Math

3. Pi-Music: 1 = “do”, 2 = “re”, 3 =”me”…

Pi =3.1415926…

4. **Math Olympiad**: Prof ST Yau had criticised publicly it as a bad Math training, not the “real” Math.

An audience tested Prof ST Yau on a Math (Accounting) Puzzle which he couldn’t solve on the spot. He said Mathematicians are poor in +-×÷ arithmetic.

5. **Chinese students in USA**: China sends over 200,000 students to USA universities. They are good in secondary / high school Math with *known* solutions, but poor in graduate PhD Math which requires “**out-of-the-box**” independent thinking skill for finding *unknown* solutions. Recent few years Chinese students (eg. Stanford Prof 李骏 : 1989 Harvard PhD) in USA have improved standard in PhD research.

6. Research is not for fame. It takes many years to think through an interesting topic.

**Reference**:

1. Prof ST Yau’s **Best Seller** Book 《The Shape of Inner Space》avail @ NLB (Ref #530.1) 11 copies in most NLB branches@ AMK, Bishan etc.

2. Interview Prof ST Yau by HK TV (**Cantonese**)

3. 丘成桐 (2008) 评中国 和 美 国的教育 : 中国学生不爱看课外书, 因为考试太重, 课余时间花在玩电脑游戏。

4. 丘成桐 (2016): 中国大学本科要注重基础教育, 才能培养世界级一流人才