Fields Medal : why Age limit atv40

【因为他的私心,“数学界的诺奖”菲尔兹奖才有了 40 岁限制】
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Fields Medals 2018

Picture Order (From Left) :1. 2. 3. 4.

1. Caucher Birkar (UK / Kurdish – Iran, 40)

https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-45032422

2. Alessio Figalli (Italy, 34)
https://www.quantamagazine.org/alessio-figalli-a-mathematician-on-the-move-wins-fields-medal-20180801/

3. Akshay Venkatesh (Australia / India, 36)

Studies number theory and representation theory.

https://www.quantamagazine.org/fields-medalist-akshay-venkatesh-bridges-math-and-time-20180801/

4. Peter Scholze (Germany, 30)
Intersection between number theory and geometry

Seven Fields Medalists

The 7 Fields Medalists are:


2014 – Maryam Mirzakhani (1977-2017) – 1st lady Fields medalist

2010 – Cédric Villani (1973- )

2006 – Grigori Perelman (1966- ) – 1st declined the award

1998 – Andrew Wiles (1953- ) [silver plaque] – Fermat’s Last Theorem

1990 – Edward Witten (1951- ) – Physicist won Fields medal

1982 – Alain Connes (1947- ) – Quantum Theory

1966 – Alexander Grothendieck (1928-2014) – Hermit mathematician

https://www.newscientist.com/article/2166283-7-mathematicians-you-should-have-heard-of-but-probably-havent/

New “Nobel” Prizes

Recent years, there are more newly created “Nobel” Prizes with much bigger prize amounts than the Nobel prize:

BREAKTHROUGH PRIZE IN LIFE SCIENCE (2013)
Donated by:
Yuri Milner (Russian Internet Billionaire)
Mark Zuckerberg (Facebook Founder)
Sergey Brin (Google co-founder)
US$ 3 million
Award Frequency: Every year
Status: 9 scientists had been awarded


FUNDAMENTAL PHYSCIS PRIZE (2012)

Donated by Yuri Milner
US$ 3 million

TANG PRIZE 唐奨 (2013)
Donated by Samual Yin 尹衍梁 (Taiwan Property Tycoon) for Asian countries.
US$ 1.675 million
Frequency: Every 2 years

QUEEN ELIZABETH ENGINEERING PRIZE (2013)
US$ 1.5 million

NOBEL PRIZE (1901)
US$ 1.2 million

SHAW PRIZE 邵逸夫奨 (2004)
Donated by Run Run Shaw (Hong Kong Movie Producer Billionaire)
US$ 1 million

LASKER AWARD (1946)
US$ 250,000

BLAVATNIK YOUNG SCIENTIST AWARD (2013)
Donated by Len Blavatnik (Billionaire Investor)
US$ 250,000

FIELDS MEDAL (1936)
US$ 14,700

Pawned Fields Medal

1936 Lars Valerian Ahlfors (Harvard University)

The first person in history to receive a Fields medal was a Finnish Ahlfors in 1936. At that time Finland was at war with England, no person could bring  more than 10 crowns out of Finland. Ahlfors was accepting a job offer from Harvard, so he pawned his Fields Medal for ticket to leave Finland, later got the medal back from the pawn shop.

Lars Valerian Ahlfors

Lars Valerian Ahlfors (Photo credit: Wikipedia)