许晨阳谈菲尔兹奖趣闻:如何打破“数学诺奖”魔咒?

【许晨阳谈菲尔兹奖趣闻:如何打破“数学诺奖”魔咒?】

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Fields Medal : why Age limit atv40

【因为他的私心,“数学界的诺奖”菲尔兹奖才有了 40 岁限制】
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Fields Medals 2018

Picture Order (From Left) :1. 2. 3. 4.

1. Caucher Birkar (UK / Kurdish – Iran, 40)

https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-45032422

2. Alessio Figalli (Italy, 34)
https://www.quantamagazine.org/alessio-figalli-a-mathematician-on-the-move-wins-fields-medal-20180801/

3. Akshay Venkatesh (Australia / India, 36)

Studies number theory and representation theory.

https://www.quantamagazine.org/fields-medalist-akshay-venkatesh-bridges-math-and-time-20180801/

4. Peter Scholze (Germany, 30)
Intersection between number theory and geometry

Seven Fields Medalists

The 7 Fields Medalists are:


2014 – Maryam Mirzakhani (1977-2017) – 1st lady Fields medalist

2010 – Cédric Villani (1973- )

2006 – Grigori Perelman (1966- ) – 1st declined the award

1998 – Andrew Wiles (1953- ) [silver plaque] – Fermat’s Last Theorem

1990 – Edward Witten (1951- ) – Physicist won Fields medal

1982 – Alain Connes (1947- ) – Quantum Theory

1966 – Alexander Grothendieck (1928-2014) – Hermit mathematician

https://www.newscientist.com/article/2166283-7-mathematicians-you-should-have-heard-of-but-probably-havent/

New “Nobel” Prizes

Recent years, there are more newly created “Nobel” Prizes with much bigger prize amounts than the Nobel prize:

BREAKTHROUGH PRIZE IN LIFE SCIENCE (2013)
Donated by:
Yuri Milner (Russian Internet Billionaire)
Mark Zuckerberg (Facebook Founder)
Sergey Brin (Google co-founder)
US$ 3 million
Award Frequency: Every year
Status: 9 scientists had been awarded


FUNDAMENTAL PHYSCIS PRIZE (2012)

Donated by Yuri Milner
US$ 3 million

TANG PRIZE 唐奨 (2013)
Donated by Samual Yin 尹衍梁 (Taiwan Property Tycoon) for Asian countries.
US$ 1.675 million
Frequency: Every 2 years

QUEEN ELIZABETH ENGINEERING PRIZE (2013)
US$ 1.5 million

NOBEL PRIZE (1901)
US$ 1.2 million

SHAW PRIZE 邵逸夫奨 (2004)
Donated by Run Run Shaw (Hong Kong Movie Producer Billionaire)
US$ 1 million

LASKER AWARD (1946)
US$ 250,000

BLAVATNIK YOUNG SCIENTIST AWARD (2013)
Donated by Len Blavatnik (Billionaire Investor)
US$ 250,000

FIELDS MEDAL (1936)
US$ 14,700