3 = Three = Trois = Tree

In the primitive age (even today in some aborigins), counting objects more than 3 is beyond their mathematical capability. Trees are used to denote the maximum Big Number ‘3’, hence Three and ‘Trois’ (French).

Chinese character 3 is 三: 3 tree logs stacked up, starting from 1 (一) to 2 (二) to 3 (三).

Beyond three, Chinese primitives said there are too many, cannot count but only ‘see’, so 4 is 四 = eye (目). Coincidently 4 is pronounced as ‘si’, and is another character ‘视’ meaning ‘see’. (See my previous blog on “Half-life”

Chinese adjectives describing the word “Many” is 3 or 3 items. Example: 3 people (人: image of a man walking with 2 legs) is 三人。Many people is 众 (3 people stacked up).

Confucius said “there is surely a teacher amongst 3 people” 三人行必有我师。He meant among a group of many people (more than 3), surely emerge a leader / teacher.

Leibniz Universal Language

Universal Language:
[Leibniz’s Essay “On the Universal Science”]

A Universal Language that would reduce ideas to a kind of alphabets of human thought.
These characters to be ‘manipulable representations‘ of ideas.

Leibniz wrote to the French King Louis IV (14th) that the Universal Language is the Chinese ideograms (汉字): as an example below-


The ideogram on the top right is “永” (Yong) in ancient form depicting the picture of a man swimming. The bottom blue ideogram is Water (水), depicting splashing of water droplets.

Language ‘Half-Life’

Language ‘Half-Life’ Formula

T = log N / 2 log 85%
(N= % of vocabulary with common root)

Modern English & German:
=> T =1.561 (K-Yrs)
=> 1,561 yrs ago the 2 languages shared the common root @ 449 CE. [confirmed by historians]

Genesis 11:1-9 Tower of Babel (Confusion)l

God confused Noah’s descendants from their common language root ‘Proto-Canaanite’ to different languages:
Aramaic -> Arabic / Jewish

1. Chinese / 日耳曼語系 Germanic (English) have common root T = 4,951 yrs ago [尧/舜]

2. Chinese / Latin (French)
T= 3,700 yrs ago [夏/商]

3. Chinese / Persian (Iran) T= 3,100 yrs ago [商/周]

Proof: [Chinese / Germanic / Latin Common Roots]

背bei -> Back

爸ba -> papa

鳳feng -> [Phoin] = Phoenix [Greek]

殁mo (=死) -> Mort (English) / Mort (French)

民min -> man (eng) / mann (German)

核he /ker -> Heart / kerd (Kernel)

酸suan -> sour

Language & Math


1. Galois’s mother home-schooling him Latin & other languages before entering Lycée Louis-Le-Grand.

2. William Hamilton: knew 15 languages include Chinese before discovered Quarternions (1,i,j,k) on Monday 16 Oct 1843 walking along Brougham Bridge, Ireland.

3. Pascal, Descartes are philosopher good in writing.

4. Gauss learnt even at old age Russian to read Lobatschefsky’s Non-Euclidean Geometry

5. Cauchy’s father heeded the advice of his neighbour Laplace to teach young Cauchy language before mathematics.