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CPA = **C**oncrete – **P**icture – **A**bstract

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**Singapore Math** = **Chinese** Math + **English** (UK/USA) Math

**Chinese** Math = Spoon-feeding 填鸭式|Computational focus | Applied |Memorization

**English** Math = Building-block 建构式|Practical focus |Less Theoretical

**Comment**:

Singapore Math inherits both the strengths as well as the weaknesses of Chinese Math & English Math:

**Strengths**: Applied, Practical, Building-block. (U*p to secondary school math level, good for daily math usage*).

**Weaknesses** : Computational focus, Less Theoretical. (B*ad for **abstract thinking** in further study of advanced math*).

Singapore Math is only good for kids from 7 to 15 years old (PISA age is 15). From upper secondary Math (at 16) to A-level or Baccalaureat(at 18) or 中国高一～高三, the French Math is better for laying foundation in **abstract thinking**, paving the way for advanced math in university & beyond – evidenced by the majority of Fields Medalists are French. (Read “How do the French Excel in Math” )